Franz Doll (1899-1982)
A Forest Clearing, 1932
Etching and drypoint on cream wove paper
Sheet: 300mm x 429mm; plate: 200mm x 245mm
Signed and inscribed in pencil below plate mark: Im Grϋntal and Franz Doll
Signed and dated in the plate: F Doll 32
Unmounted. Top edge untrimmed. Light cockling to top edge.
Franz Doll was at the heart of the artistic community in his native Munich at a time when Munich was a centre of creativity and innovation whose influence extended throughout Europe.
After early study at Munich’s Kunstgerwerbeschule, he trained at the Munich Art Academy under Hugo von Habermann and Carl Johann Becker-Gundahl, winning the Munich City Art Prize, the Albrecht Durer Prize and Goethe Medal. In 1930, he became a member of the Mϋnchener Neue Secession, established to provide a new direction for the visual arts. There he joined artists including Paul Klee and Alexei Jawlensky, several of whom had been founder members of the Munich-based Blaue Reiter group. In 1938 he followed in Klee’s footsteps, becoming Professor at the Kunstacademie, Dϋsseldorf.
Doll was both a painter of richly-worked, almost symbolist landscapes and genre scenes. His graphic art is, by contrast, sharply observed and executed, the linear precision of his portraits especially showing clear influence of the New Objectivity movement, with which he was also associated. Both the Neue Secession and New Objectivity were repressed under National Socialism following the end of the Weimar Republic in 1933.